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Word Meaning
aegis a protective goat-skin
alopeke a fox-skin cap.
apobates hoplite-athlete who dismounts and mounts the running chariot
apoptygma fold of the peplos above the waist
diphros (1) the part of the chariot where the charioteer and apobates stand.
(2) a stool
diipetes xoanon a most ancient wooden statue, believed to have been sent down from Zeus (i.e.heaven).
ergastinai young girls of good family who wove Athena’s peplos.
exomis men’s short, sleeveless garment leaving one shoulder bare.
thorax cuirass. An anatomical cuirass shows the modelling of the upper part of the body. Some cuirasses have wide leather flaps or tongues to protect the lower part of the body.
thyrsos staff with ivy and vine-leaves and a pine-cone at the end.
himation garment of thick wool worn by both men and women
krepis men’s boot.
kanoun panier, basket.
kerykeion caduceus or herald’s staff
kolpos the folds formed above the waist by belting the garment
oinochoe small wine jug
opisthonaos space between the west six- column colonnade and the rear wall of the cella.
peplos women’s garment of wool, the upper part of which is folded over forming
the apoptygma
petasos wide-brimmed hat.
popana round sweet cake (panificium) used for sacrifices.
pronaos the area between the east six- column colonnade and the cella wall.
cella the main part (sekos) of the temple. The closed area where the statue stood.
sponde liquid offering (milk or wine) to the gods.
strigil metal scraper used for removing dust and oil from the athlete’s body.
hydria jar for carrying water
omphalos phiale shallow ritual bowl for liquid offerings with an omphalos in the centre
chiton garment of fine linen or wool worn by both men and women
poderes, Chiton poderes ankle-length chiton.
cheiridotos, Chiton cheiridotos sleeved chiton
acheiridotos, Chiton acheiridotos sleeveless chiton.
chitoniskos short chiton.
chlamys short cape held by a brooch.
trot the trot is a moderate gait, faster than a walk, in which each diagonal pair of legs is lifted alternately. The action is diagonal.
gallop the horse’s fastest pace, in which all hooves are off the ground together in each stride.
canter an easy gallop.
pace horse’s gait in which both legs on the same side are moved at the same time. Both legs stride together. An amble.